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ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 8, Issue : 8
First page : ( 355) Last page : ( 373)
Online ISSN : 2231-5780.

Ramadan-A way to combat type II diabetes

Hayyat Faisal Suleh

Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidamaram, Tamilnadu, India. Email: faisalhayyat007@gmail.com

Online published on 20 September, 2018.

Abstract

Background

Type II diabetes mellitus is highly influenced by physical activity and food habits. Levels of physical activity as well as timing of food intake change during the holy month of Ramadan.

Objectives

To find out the effect of Ramadan on type II diabetics.

Methods

60 type II diabetes patients from Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India were selected at random and were tested before and after Ramadan for selected criterion variables.

Results

The mean for fasting glucose of fasting group before Ramadan was 132.86 for men and 138.08 for women, and after Ramadan it was 118.71 and 119.77 respectively. The mean for post-prandial glucose of fasting group before Ramadan was 162.50 for men qnd 167.38 for women and after Ramadan it was 139.71 and 144.69 respectively. The mean for insulin of fasting group before Ramadan was 8.16 for men and 7.75 for women and after Ramadan it was 7.41 and 7.21 respectively. The mean for fasting glucose of non-fasting group before Ramadan was 136.07 for men and 150.43 for women, and after Ramadan it was 119.67 and 126.07 respectively. The mean for post-prandial glucose of non-fasting group before Ramadan was 178.40 for men and 186.14 for women and after Ramadan it was 148.20 and 156.50 respectively. The mean for insulin of non-fasting group before Ramadan was 8.31 for men and 8.65 for women and after Ramadan it was 7.81 and 7.08 respectively.

Conclusion

Ramadan fasting as well as non fasting group showed a positive change in both insulin and glucose levels due to alteration in the patterns of physical activity by indulging in religious practices like Salah, Taravee and other Nafl prayers.

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Keywords

Type II diabetes, Ramadan, Fasting Glucose, post prandial glucose level, insulin.

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