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Vegetos- An International Journal of Plant Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 31, Issue : 3
First page : ( 13) Last page : ( 18)
Print ISSN : 0970-4078. Online ISSN : 2229-4473.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2229-4473.2018.00067.8

Characterization of soursop population (Annona muricata) from the central region of ecuadorian littoral using ISSR markers

Moreira R1, Moreno J2, Buitròn J2, Orbe K2, Hector-Ardisana E3, Uguña F1, Viera W1,*

1Fruit Program, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIAP), Quito, Ecuador

2Biothecnology Department, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIAP), Quito, Ecuador

3Facultad de Ingeniería Agronómica, Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador

*Corresponding author: Fruit Program, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIAP), Quito, Ecuador. Email: william.viera@iniap.gob.ec

Online published on 6 October, 2018.

Abstract

Soursop (Annona muricata L.) is a subtropical fruit tree very desirable for the flavor of its fruit and its nutritional value. In Ecuador, this fruit species grows endemically in the south of Manabí. For this reason the aim of this research was to characterize molecularly a population of 60 individuals distributed in four counties (Jipijapa, Pajan, 24 de Mayo and Olmedo) of this province. Plant DNA was extracted and amplified using 8 ISSR molecular markers. All the markers were informative; however, ISSR 824 and ISSR 873 stood out because they obtained the highest PIC value (0.29). Four groups were formed, with group 2 involving the largest number of individuals, including the entire population of Jipijapa and the highest proportion of the population of 24 de Mayo. Results showed a moderate genetic variability of the study population. This research provides information on the diversity of A. muricata in order to promote future advances in fruit breeding in Ecuador.

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Keywords

Soursop, A nnona muricata, ISSR markers, Ecuador.

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