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Research Journal of Science and Technology
Year : 2015, Volume : 7, Issue : 3
First page : ( 141) Last page : ( 145)
Print ISSN : 0975-4393. Online ISSN : 2349-2988.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2988.2015.00019.4

Impact of Phosphate Solubilizing Fungi of Different Habitats on Plant Growth-A Review

Ekka Amia1,*, Verma Anju2,**, Verma Monika2,***

1Assistant Professor, School of Studies in Life Sciences, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010

2School of Studies in Life Sciences, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, 492010

*Corresponding Author E-mail: amia_tirkey@rediffmail.com

** aharanju1583@gmail.com

*** monikaverma591@gmail.com

Online published on 29 October, 2015.

Abstract

Phosphorus is the second essential macroelements after nitrogen and its deficiency in soil is the major problems in agriculture. Moreover, large amount of synthetic phosphatic fertilizers are added in regular basis for maintaining the phosphorus deficiency but most of the fertilizers get precipitated in the form of different salts in soils and remain unavailable to the plants. Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms have the potential to solubilize the fixed phosphorus in soil especially fungi are found to be more efficient solubilzer than other microorganisms. Phosphatesolubilizing fungi (PSF) have been reported from various habitats such as agricultural fields, saline area, mines, vermicompost etc. Inoculation of PSF in plants results in improved plant growth and yield of several crops such as cereals, legumes, fibers, vegetables and other crop plants. Thus, the use of microbial inoculants particularly the PSF instead of chemical fertilizer have been found effective for growth and yield of plants in sustainable manner.

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Keywords

Phosphate-Solubilizing Fungi, Biofertilizer, Crop plants, Habitats.

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