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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 9, Issue : 8
First page : ( 1145) Last page : ( 1152)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00218.3

Occurrence of Medication Errors and Oral Medication Administration Practices of Staff Nurses

Devi Arti1,*, Sembian N.2,**, Kaur Simranjit3,***

1M. Sc. Nursing Second year, Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M. College of Nursing, Mullana

2Associate Professor, Medical Surgical Nursing, UPRIMS and R, Govt. Nursing College, Saifai

3Assistant Professor, Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M. College of Nursing, Mullana

*Corresponding Author E-mail: artidhiman.0206@gmail.com



Online published on 12 January, 2017.



A medication error is defined As ‘a failure with the treatment program, which may leads to, or maybe offers ones potential to help lead to, harm for the patient’. The purpose of this study is to assess the oral medication administration errors done by intensive care unit nurses and to evaluate the effectiveness of safe drug administration programme.


In this experimental study, 600 oral medication administration events in medical ICU of MMIMS and R Hospital, Mullana, Ambala were observed. Event based sampling technique was used to collect the sample. The data was collected by using checklist for assessing the oral medication administration practices and occurrence of medication errors. Reliability of the observational checklist was determined by using inter rater reliability test and it was 0.86. Data analyzes were performed by descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. SPSS-17 software was used and P values less than 0.05 were considered significant.


During oral administration in morning shift, mean of post implementation-I practice scores (20.00) was higher than post-implementation practice score-II (19.56). In evening shift, mean of post implementation-I practice scores(20.98) was higher than post-implementation-II practice scores (20.74) and In night shift, mean of post-implementation-II practice scores (21.50) was higher than post implementation-I practice scores (21.30).


The result shows that there was improvement in medication administration practices after implementation of event based teaching programme which was calculated at 0.05 level of significance. So, the concluded that the Event Based Teaching Programme was effective to improve the practices of oral medication administration by staff nurses and reduces the occurrence of medication error.



Occurrence of medication errors, Oral medication administration, practices of staff nurses, event based teaching programme, Medication administration practices.


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