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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 12
First page : ( 1685) Last page : ( 1690)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00304.2

Phytoanalysis of Parthenium hysterophorus L root, stem

Marimuthu Krishnaveni1,*, Kalaivani M.2, Krishnakumari G.2, Banu C. Ragina2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biosciences, Periyar University, Salem-636 011

2M. Phil Student, Department of Biochemistry, School of Biosciences, Periyar University, Salem-636 011

*Corresponding Author E-mail: logasarvesh@gmail.com, logan.consolidated@gmail.com

Online published on 1 January, 2016.

Abstract

This forms a fundamental work and so performed preliminary assays for phytochemical screening, nutrients by using standard prescribed methods. Qualitative analysis of aqueous Parthenium hysterophorus root, stem extract was studied for the presence of carbohydrate, alkaloid, steroid, sterols, glycosides, tannin, phenolic compound, saponin, flavonoid, oil qualitatively as well as for carbohydrate, protein, aminoacids quantitatively. The aqueous extract was subjected to fluorescence, yield study. The behavior of Parthenium hysterophorus root, stem powder was assessed for it behavior with different chemical reagents. The results showed that most of the phytochemicals were found to be present in aqueous Parthenium hysterophorus root, stem extract, the percentage that has been recovered is 40% and 20% respectively. The nutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, aminoacid content was found to be higher in stem compared to root. The behavior of aqueous root, stem extract powder was found to contain alkaloid, steroid, flavonoid, anthroquinone and protein.

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Keywords

Aqueous extract, Fluorescence, Nutrients, Phytochemicals, Yield.

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