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RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND TECHNOLOGY
Year : 2021, Volume : 14, Issue : 3
First page : ( 1689) Last page : ( 1692)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00300.0

Pharmacognostical, Physicochemical and Phytochemical studies of different varieties of Beet root grown in Punjab

Bainsal Neeraj1*, Kaur Simranjeet2, Mallan Sudhanshu2

1Assistant Prof., Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, India

2Student, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: neerajbainsal125@gmail.com

Online published on 30 April, 2021.

Abstract

Objective: The current study aims was carried out for Pharmacognostical, Physicochemical and phytochemical screening of three varieties viz. maritima, altissima, alba of Beta vulgaris grown in Ludhiana, Punjab. Methods: As a part of Pharmacognostical studies macroscopic and powder microscopic studies was performed. Loss on drying, Ash content (Total ash, Acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash), pH of aqueous extract, Extractive value (Pet. Ether, methanol, water) was performed under Physicochemical analysis. The dried powders were subjected to solvent extraction for preliminary secondary metabolites analysis and fluorescence study done with root powder. Results: The powder microscopy for the roots shows fibers and vacuoles in var. alba. Xylem and phloem are present forming cambium present in var. maritima and altimisia. Physicochemical parameters such as Total ash were observed 52%, 8%, 13% for var. maritima, alba, altissima respectively. The phytochemical screening also confirms the presence of flavonoids and phytosterols among all three varieties. The fluorescence analysis showed the different behavior of root powders. Conclusion: This study will help in authentication and standardization of different 3 varieties of Beet root. The present findings of this study concludes that Beta vulgaris roots have the great potential to act as a source of positive drugs because all three varieties have flavonoids, phytosterols, terpenoids and saponins. These phytoconstituents have the potential to act as a source of functional drug and also improves the physical condition of the patients as a result of the presence of various compounds that plays fundamental role for good health.

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Keywords

Phytochemical screening, Total ash, Standardization, Fluorescence, Physical compound.

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