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RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND TECHNOLOGY
Year : 2021, Volume : 14, Issue : 1
First page : ( 482) Last page : ( 486)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00088.3

Dentalgesian physiology: A review on the Neurophysiology of pain in dentistry

Dr. Vignesh R.1*, Dr. Padmapriya V. M.2**, Dr. Rajasekar G.3***

1Senior Lecturer, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha University, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Velappanchavadi, Chennai-77.

2Scientist-‘B’, National Institute of Epidemiology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ayapakkam, Chennai-77.

3Senior Lecturer, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospitals, Meenakshi University, Alapakkam Main Road, Chennai-95.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: drvigneshpedo@gmail.com

**padmanie2019@gmail.com

***dr.rajasekar.gunasekaran@gmail.com

Online published on 22 April, 2021.

Abstract

Aim: To summarize the basic and current concepts of algesia that is present in the day-to-day dental practice by a thorough systematic literature research of databases. Background: Electronic databases were used to conduct a computerized search like MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus and Evidence-based Medicine reviews using the terms were “odontogenic pain”, “dental pain physiology”, “pain biology” and “chemical mediators in dental pain”. Review: The complexity of understanding pain transmission and its perception is of theoretical necessity for dental practitioners. The neurological aspects of pain, i.e. the innervation, stimulation of pain, conductance of pain and its mediators, are the basis that provides knowledge to the practitioners to provide effective pain management in their dental practice. Conclusion: Thorough knowledge about the neurobiology of pain is necessary to understand the pain perceived by the patients and thereby allows the practitioner to follow specific protocols of pain management.

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Keywords

Algesia, Dental pain, Transduction, Modulation.

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