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RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND TECHNOLOGY
Year : 2021, Volume : 14, Issue : 1
First page : ( 265) Last page : ( 269)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00047.0

Knowledge, attitude and experience of pharmacist in the UAE towards pharmacovigilance

AlWorafi Yaser M., Hasan Sanah, Hassan Nageeb M., Gaili Ahmed A.*

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, Ajman, UAE

*Corresponding Author E-mail: a.gaili@ajman.ac.ae

Online published on 22 April, 2021.

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the current study was to investigate the pharmacist's knowledge, attitude, practice and experience towards pharmacovigilance. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the pharmacist's in UAE by using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Results: A total of 230 pharmacists were interviewed. However only 185 questionnaires were completed and analyzed. Of the 185 respondents (59.5%) were male. Pharmacist's age mean was 32.15 ± 6.86 years. Fifty five (29.7%) pharmacists in this study had good knowledge, while 91 (49.2%) pharmacists had moderate knowledge and 39 (21.1%) pharmacists had poor knowledge towards pharmacovigilance, ADRs and ADRs reporting. The finding of this study showed that 82 (44.3%) of the pharmacists were detected and seen ADRs in their practice at least once. A total of 59 ADRs were seen by the pharmacists in this study. The most common ADRs they detected were gastritis (16 times), followed by allergy (12 times), then rash (8 times), anaphylactic shock (two times) and other ADRs (21). However, none of the detected ADRs were reported. The most barriers reported by pharmacists were: lack of knowledge about reporting system. Factors to encourage ADRs reporting were: enhancing awareness about reporting through attending courses or workshops; receiving educational materials and simplification of reporting procedures. Conclusion: Majority of pharmacists in this study had positive attitude towards pharmacovigilance, ADRs and their reporting. Education and training programs are highly recommended to enhance awareness and improve the reporting of ADRs by pharmacists in UAE.

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Keywords

Pharmacovigilance, Knowledge, Attitude, Pharmacist, UAE.

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