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Year : 2021, Volume : 14, Issue : 1
First page : ( 189) Last page : ( 194)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2021.00033.0

Pharmacognostical and phytochemical evaluation of renowned polyherbal formulation, Sharbat Ahmad Shahi: A comprehensive approach with modern techniques

Khan Afshan, Siddiqui Aisha*, Jafri M. A, Mohd Asif

Department of Ilmul Advia, School of Unani Medical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: draishasiddiqui@jamiahamdard.ac.in

Online published on 22 April, 2021.


Background: An increase in the awareness about the advantages of the traditional medicines has led to the commercialization of the formulations used for the treatments. To obtain effective drug with proven efficacy, it is necessary to ascertain standards through contemporary scientific and technical procedures which would certainly enhance the reputation and acceptance of Unani medicines. Quality control of Unani polyherbal formulations is the need of the day for better acceptance of Unani medicine. Sharbat Ahmad Shahi (SAS) is a Unani polyherbal formulation containing ten ingredients, widely used in treatment of psychiatric disorders. The present study was taken up to scientifically evaluate the various physicochemical parameters to standardize the formulation. In the present research work an attempt has been made to ascertain various physicochemical and phytochemical parameters of SAS such as ash values, moisture content, extractive values, thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) etc, it may be useful for its quality control and standardization. Methods: Ingredients were identified by the experts. The method mentioned in national formulary of Unani Medicine with modification was followed for preparation of the sharbat. The formulation was also subjected to preliminary physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation. Various parameters such as organoleptic characters, extractive values for the extract and TLC and HPTLC fingerprinting were carried out for evaluation of SAS. Results: Preliminary phytochemical, physicochemical and chromatographic profile of the formulation was established. Qualitative chemical tests indicated the presence of alkaloid, glycoside, tannins, and phenolics. TLC and HPTLC fingerprinting studies showing the presence of various phytochemicals present in the drug. Conclusion: Findings of the present work can be used as a reference for preparation and standardization of SAS.



Polyherbal formulation, Physicochemical parameters, Phytochemical parameters, Standardization.


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