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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 8
First page : ( 3983) Last page : ( 3986)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00704.0

Review on Curcuma longa: Ethnomedicinal uses, pharmacological activity and phytochemical constituents

Sanghvi Kemisha, Chandrasheker K.S.*, Pai Vasudev, N Aswatha Ram H.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka-576 104, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: cksbhat@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 16 September, 2020.

Abstract

Curcuma longa Linn., is a well-known medicinal plant. It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and is cultivated throughout Asian countries. Curcumin, a major component of Curcuma longa obtained from the rhizome portion of the plant exhibit a great variety of pharmacological activities. It shows a wide range of activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-viral anti-oxidant, anti-septic, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, and digestive activities. In the form of root powder, turmeric is used as a spice, food preservative and a colouring agent. Turmeric phytoconstituents includes 3 curcuminoids: Curcumin (diferuloylmethane, the primary constituent responsible for its vibrant yellow), desmethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin, as well as volatile oils (tumerone, atlantone and zingiberone), sugar, proteins and resins. This review emphasizes on the ethnomedicinal uses, pharmacological activity and phytochemical constituents of Curcuma longa.

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Keywords

Curcuma longa, Curcumin, Central Nervous System.

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