Knowledge regarding Tuberculosis among undergraduate medical students at Nepalgunj Medical College -Banke, Nepal
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Tuberculosis is a worldwide pandemic and in grown-ups, the second driving reason for death because of an irresistible illness (after AIDS), with 95% of passings happening in low-pay nations. A few investigations mirror that TB is related to numerous elements in which Literacy, Socio-monetary conditions are in top of table. Being a threatful transmittable ailment, early finding and treatment of the patient is vital. Subsequently proper information and work on with respect to TB should be gotten to among doctors and medicinal understudies. This study aims to access the knowledge, attitude and treatment practice regarding tuberculosis among the medical undergraduate students of Nepalgunj Medical College, Banke, Nepal.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 369 medical undergraduates of NGMC from 5th December 2018 to 14th March 2019. A pre-tested questionnaire containing structural, semi-structural and open ended questions were made as data collection tool. All the students in NGMC were interviewed after receiving consent as an ethical approval from institutional Ethical Approval committee of NGMC.
All 369 medical undergraduates in the survey were aware about TB and its communicable nature of which 331 (89.7%) students answered transmission via air, 180 (47.69%) of the respondents say it to be chronic granulomatous disease caused by M. tuberculosis, however 36 (9.75%) students had no knowledge about DOTS regimen, 72 (19.51%) respondents knew the risk of developing T.B as an opportunistic infection among HIV positives but there was misconception regarding BCG providing lifelong treatment in BCG in 109 (29.53%) respondents.
Though all of our respondents knew about TB still they have misconception regarding DOTS and BCG and its prevention. Adequate educational trainings should be provided to future doctors regarding complete knowledge of tuberculosis, its impact in society, prevention and proper management.
Tuberculosis, Medical students, Knowledge, Misconception, Prevention.