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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 10
First page : ( 4751) Last page : ( 4764)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00837.9

Meticulous approach towards pharmacognosy and socio-economic impact of ethnomedicinal plant: Ocimum kilimandscharicum

Mukhtar Hayat M.1, Mangla Mohit23*, Sanduja Mohit3

1Principal (Professor), Amritsar Pharmacy College, Amritsar, Punjab, India-143001

2Research Scholar, IKG Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, Punjab, India-144603

3Assistant Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, MVN University, Palwal, Haryana, India-121102

*Corresponding Author E-mail: mohitpharmacist@gmail.com

Online published on 28 October, 2020.

Abstract

The genus Ocimum has been of great therapeutic potential. It comprises of more than 150 species and subspecies across the globe. One of the species is being named as Ocimum kilimandscharicum due to its native geographical distribution, Kilimandscharo hills of Africa. It is a small, bushy perennial plant, bearing an elongate inflorescence of whorled, bracted small flowers. Traditionally, leaves of the plant are used against pests and to repel insects. The plant is also useful in various ailments like cough, bronchitis, catarrh, bacterial infections, viral infections, foul ulcers, stomachache, wounds and anorexia. It is also known as ‘Camphor Basil’ due to the presence of camphor as the major ingredient in the essential oil. Apart from camphor, the essential oil also contains 1,8-cineol, linalool, camphene, eugenol, ocimene and α-terpineol. Various pharmacological properties of the plant have been reported. In the present article, the economic and social benefits, development of marketed formulation and patents had expressed significant potential but further studies on pharmacological activities and commercialization in different industries are required in exploring the utilities of the plant for the beneficial of the mankind.

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Keywords

Ocimum kilimandscharicum, Basil, Kapoor Tulsi, Camphor, Insect Repellant.

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