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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 9
First page : ( 4313) Last page : ( 4323)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00742.X

Effective Recovery and Control of Chronic Low Back Pain by using Rehabilitation Exercises Therapy

Gasibat Qais1,*, Mesrati Malak Hasan2, Musa Rabiu Muazu3, Zidan Ahlam A.4

1Faculty of Medical Technology, Physiotherapy Department, Misurata, Libya

2School of Science and Engineering, Malaysia University of Science and Technology, Encorp Strand Garden Office Kota Damansara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

3Faculty of Applied Social Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

4Physiotherapy Department, College of Medical Technology, Az-Zawia University, Az-Zawia, Libya

*Corresponding Author E-mail: drqaiss9@gmail.com

Online published on 24 December, 2019.

Abstract

Exercise is a commonly recommended treatment for chronic low back pain due to its effectiveness in enhancing work and function. This study aims to review numerous crucial phases of the usefulness and safety of exercise in order to provide vital information for treating chronic low back pain. An online literature search of Medline was performed using “exercise,” “fitness,” “low back pain,” “backache” and “rehabilitation” as search words abstracts that identified using this method were carefully read, and relevant articles were considered for further analysis. Additional materials were gathered by sourcing relevant research articles. The articles were carefully examined for relevance. There is no evidence that exercise increases low back pain problems, particularly for people with acute, subacute or chronic low back pain. Current studies indicate that exercise has either a neutral effect or might reduce the risk of future back injuries to some extent. Exercise might be suggested for patients with chronic low back pain for three purposes. The first and most recognized purpose is to enhance or decrease deficiencies in back flexibility and strength and improve the performance of endurance activities. It is evident that this purpose can be achieved for most patients suffering from chronic low back pain. The second purpose of exercise is to decrease the severity of low back pain. Many studies reported an overall decrease in the intensity of low back pain ranging from 10% to 50% subsequent to exercise treatment. The third purpose of the exercise is to decrease low back pain–related incapacity by desensitizing worries and anxieties and changing pain attitudes and beliefs. The exercise mechanisms that can be employed to achieve the aforementioned purposes have been the subject of extensive study. The relevance of using exercise as a therapeutic method to decrease deficiencies in back flexibility and strength has been established. Several studies reported enhancements in global pain ratings subsequent to exercise programs. Exercise can also reduce the cognitive, behavioral, and disability effects of low back pain conditions.

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Keywords

Exercise, Low Back Pain, Rehabilitation.

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