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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 8
First page : ( 3619) Last page : ( 3625)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00617.6

The Anti-inflammatory Activity of p-methoxycinnamic acid (PMCA) in the Nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) system using combinations of solid lipid, beeswax-oleum cacao and liquid lipid, Virgin Coconut oil (VCO)

Erawati Tristiana*, Hariyadi Dewi Melani, Rosita Noorma, Purwanti Tutiek

Department of Pharmaceutics Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: era_ffua@yahoo.co.id, tristiana-e-m@ff.unair.ac.id

Online published on 24 December, 2019.



The nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) system used the combination of beeswax-oleum cacao and virgin coconut oil (VCO) in this study, it was the development of nanoemulsion (NE) and solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) delivery systems, which are used as nano-carriers of p-methoxycinnamic acid (PMCA). PMCA a secunder metabolite of champheria galanga has antiinflamatory effect which is difficult to dissolve in water. Several combinations of solid lipids (beeswax-oleum cacao) and liquid lipids (VCO) were prepared, namely F I (60:40); F II (70:30); and F III (80:20) in the NLC system.

Material and Method

The NLC-PMCA system was prepared by the high shear homogenization method, then characterized and subjected to antiinflammatory activity tests compared with nanoemulsion and solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN).

The results of the research

The increasing concentration of VCO in the NLC-PMCA system resulted in lower viscosity, and greater entrapment efficiency, namely in the NLC-PMCA system with a combination of beeswax-oleum cacao and VCO of 60:40. NLC-PMCA with the combination of beeswax-oleum cacao and VCO of 60:40 (F I) has particle size (236.00 ± 17.15 nm) smaller than SLN-PMCA (665.60 ± 72.59 nm) but biger than NE-PMCA (29.27 ± 1.85 nm). Occlucivity of F I NLC-PMCA (41.50 ± 4.00%) higher than SLN-PMCA (33.52 ± 3.65%) and NE-PMCA (33.52 ± 3.65%). PMCA in F I (60: 40) NLC, SLN and NE has the equivalent antiinflammatory activity based on the observations of the PMN cells number in ear skin mice with edema.


The NLC-PMCA with the combination of beeswax-oleum cacao and VCO of 60:40 was the best formula.



Anti-inflammatory activity, beeswax, nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC), oleum cacao, pmethoxycinnamic acid (PMCA), virgin coconut oil (VCO).


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