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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 7
First page : ( 3479) Last page : ( 3482)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00590.0

Dietary Habits Leading to Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers -A Survey

Kurian Maria1, Sherlin Herald J.2, Jayaraj Gifrina1,*

1Department of Oral Pathology, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

2Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: gifrinaj@gmail.com

Online published on 24 December, 2019.



Aphthous ulcers are ulcers that form on the oral mucous membranes. They are known as aphthae, aphthous stomatitis and also canker sores. Aphthous ulcers are typically recurrent round or oval sores or ulcers inside the mouth found on the inside of the lips and cheeks or underneath the tongue. Patients often complain about very painful wounds inside their mouth that prevent them from eating food. The present study was designed to identify the dietary factors that trigger occurrence of RAS.

Materials and Method

A qualitative survey was conducted through a structured Questionnaire presented to individuals with RAS visiting a Dental college and Hospital in Chennai between July to decemebr 2017. The results were expressed in percentage.


The study results revealed that 40% of them had a family history of RAS. 85% were anemic and stress was a precipitating factor in all the individuals (100%). Buccal mucosa (80%) was the most common site involved. 21% had RAS during Menstruation. RAS was triggered by consumption of gluten rich food in 80% of the individuals and spicy food in all the participants (100%).


Stress, fatigue, everyday consumption of gluten rich diet, and spicy food trigger the development of RAS. This may be prevented by modifying their dietary habits.



Aphthous, Diet, Gluten, Anemia, soft drinks.


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