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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 7
First page : ( 3255) Last page : ( 3260)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00549.3

Pharmacognostic Evaluation and Standardization of the leaves of Punica granatum

Dr. Wal Pranay1, Pal Rashmi Saxena2, Saraswat Nikita3, Yadav Rachana4

1Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT), xici , India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT), Kanpur, India

3Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT), Kanpur, India

4Research Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT), Kanpur, India

Corresponding Author E-mail: pranaywal@gmail.com, rashmisaxenapal@gmail.com, nikita.saraswat07@gmail.com, yadavrachana412@gmail.com

Online published on 24 December, 2019.



As the allopathic medication system is being widely followed but the reported side effects have posed an important cause of concern hence researches are being conducted on the use of herbal medications which have given us fruitful results and complications are hardly reported. In the complete system of the medicinal loop, herbs have prominent and respective place Punica granatum leaves reveals punica granatum as a valuable medicinal plant with numerous medicinal properties.


The objective of the present study is to evaluate the physicochemical and phytochemical activities of Punica granatum leaves so that its beneficial effect could be used in the treatment of diabetes.


The leaf powder was extracted using solvent namely ethanol, standardization is done using standard methods. The macroscopic and microscopic characters of leaves were performed in the laboratory of PSIT.

Result and Conclusion

The study could be useful in diagnosis for the identification and preparation of a monograph of the plant. The Pharmacognostic evaluation of the plant was performed and diverse parameters were taken into consideration. Hence a detailed report is presented on the powder of dried leaves of Punica granatum. The macroscopical studies indicated presence of simple leaf length 2–4 cm and opposite arrangement. Physicochemical Parameters such as loss on drying and pH observed as 17.04% and 4 respectively. Chemical constituent present in it such as alkaloids, carbohydrate, reducing sugar, flavonoids and phenols. Considering all these facts we can say that ethanolic extract of Punica granatum leaves contains more constituents it can be considered beneficial for further investigation. A typical research and developmental work needs to be carried out for its better therapeutic and commercial utilization.



Punica granatum, diabetes, standardization, physicochemical, phytochemical.


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