Analysis of Non-invasive Methods to Diagnose Blood Glucose Level-A Survey
Premalatha J.*, Dr. Prince P. Grace Kanmani
Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Electronics and Communication, Rajiv Gandhi Road, Chennai, 600118
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Online published on 8 August, 2019.
Diabetes or otherwise known as blood glucose level among the people is a serious issue to be considered nowadays. There are three types of diabetes namely TYPE 1 which occurs due to destruction of beta cells, TYPE 2 which occurs due insufficient secretion of insulin into the cells by pancreas and the third one GESTATIONAL type which occurs during pregnancy. To detect blood glucose level at present there are device like glucometer which is handheld and can be detected by the people in home itself. The other one is the professional testing method in hospitals. The drawback in these two methods is that they are invasive type of detection which includes needle incision which may lead to pain among the patients, the patients may feel uncomfortable or they may get panic. This paper deals with the study of non-invasive methods of detecting diabetes which will be helpful to extend the work in future for both the patient and also to the country since the invasive methods are considered the costly one.
Diabetes, Blood glucose level, non-invasive methods, Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), glucose concentration, photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS).