Effect of Schroth Exercise on Cobb's Angle Inidiopathic Scoliosis
Sowmya M. V.1,*, Dhivya S.2, Haseen R. Jumanah2
1Assistant Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalam
2BPT Student, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Thandalam
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Online published on 8 August, 2019.
Scoliosis refers to a three-dimensional deformation of the natural curvature of the spine. Schroth exercise improves the trunk shape and the respiratory ability by applying rotational breathing. It has been reported to improve the function of the thoracic wall and the symptoms of the respiratory system. There is less evidence on the effects of Schroth exercise on a cobb's angle of 40 degrees or higher. Hence, the purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the Schroth exercise on the cobb's angle in idiopathic scoliosis.
Four patients with growing idiopathic scoliosis having a cobb's angle of 40 degrees or higher in the thoracic vertebrae were included in the study. The Schroth exercise was performed 3 times a week for 3 months. The thoracic cobb's angle was measured before and after the exercise program.
The thoracic cobb's angle decreased from 40.28±7.72 to 24.0±2.65 on average. These effects were significant.
The 3 months Schroth exercise caused significant effects in the thoracic cobb's angle. The conservative treatment method was found to be effective even at a 40 degree for higher cobb's angle. In the future universal exercise approach methods and preventive training for the treatment of scoliosis should be developed further.
Cobb's angle, Schroth exercise, Scoliosis.