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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 6
First page : ( 2758) Last page : ( 2764)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00462.1

Effect of Punica granatum peel and Vitis vinifera seeds on Biochemical Indices in DEN induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Rats

Kumar K Ashok1,*, Vijayalakshmi K2, Saravanan D1

1Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Pallavaram, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

2Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi Women's College, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ashokkumar_kh5@yahoo.com

Online published on 8 August, 2019.

Abstract

Plants are the richest source of traditional medicines in treatment against many diseases. Many of the plant materials wasted are the reservoir of phytochemicals possessing important biological activities. In this present study, the extracts of Punica granatum peel and Vitis vinifera a seeds were evaluated in rats against (diethylnitrosamine) DEN induced hepatocellular carcinoma for assessing the hepatoprotective potential. Rats were divided into four groups. The first group served as normal control group, the second group received DEN at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight by Single intraperitoneal administration. The third one received DEN as in DEN-treated group and co-treated with 400 mg/kg Punica granatum peel extract (EPGP). The final group also received DEN and co-treated with 400 mg/kg Vitis vinifera seeds extract (EVVS). DEN administration to rats resulted in significantly elevated levels of serum AFP, bilirubin, triglycerides, cholesterol and urea. The levels of plasma total protein, albumin and blood glucose were significantly decreased in DEN treated rats. No significant changes were noted in creatinine levels of DEN induced rats. Co-treatment with the Punica granatum peel and Vitis vinifera seed extracts orally for 12 weeks significantly reversed the DEN induced alterations of above mentioned parameters in the serum. The present study indicates that both the selected extracts exhibits good hepato protectivity against DEN induced hepatocellular damage in rats.

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Keywords

Vitis viniferaPunica granatum, Diethylnitrosamine, Alpha feto protein, Hepatocellular carcinoma.

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