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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2498) Last page : ( 2502)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00420.7

About some Fundamental Issues of selection in Sheep Breeding

Milchevskiy Viktor D.*

Laboratory of Livestock Technology, L. K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry, Dubrovitsy, Moscow Region, Russian Federation

*Corresponding Author E-mail: xantarama@mail.ru

Online published on 8 August, 2019.

Abstract

The general perspectives of combining useful traditional methods of sheep breeding with the provisions of genetics are considered. The expediency of a clearer definition of the niche of genetic methods and the niche of breeding methods has been substantiated. A phenomenological approach to the calculations according to the prediction of the total benefit of each animal for humans is formulated. The approach involves the use of information about each animal, its ancestors and descendants. The approach is pragmatic, because it is justified by taking into account the expecting utility, as is customary in all areas of material activity. Under this approach, only those properties, phenomena and connections between them, which are reliably confirmed in fact in the entire life of the animal, that is, only facts, only actual phenomena, are taken into account. This is the essence of this approach. It is pointed out on low efficiency in the modern conditions of traditional breeding in herds where the specialized computer programs are not introduced (so-called the automatized workplaces of the breeders of AWP). The main function of AWP (automatized workplaces) is to provide a customer-breeder with a separate solution to a set of specific issues: what to do with each particular animal, how to use it after the prediction of the results of lifelong exploitation. The negative side of reproducing the best animals is that they are reproduced only from the selection nucleus. It is pointed out that the functions for assessing, screening and selection sheep in the computer programs distributed by merchants are insufficiently developed. It is indicated on the importance of compulsory independent contests and independent legal support for acceptance to introduce innovations in sheep breeding that are being developed by science.

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Keywords

Animal husbandry, Selection, Sheep breeding, Tribal herds.

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