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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2396) Last page : ( 2403)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00401.3

Targeting Omc-B of Chlamydia trachomatis for the Blinding Infection Trachoma using Phytochemicals from Calpurnia aurea and Abrus precatorius

Sharanya M*, Suganya J, Mahendran Radha, Poornima V

Department of Bioinformatics, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Chennai-600 117, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sharanya.bioinfo@gmail.com

Online published on 8 August, 2019.

Abstract

Blinding trachoma called trichiasis is the eye infection caused by the obligate bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which triggers the inflammatory process in the conjunctiva mucosa and is believed to be the prime step towards the development of scarring. Reoccurrence of infection lead the eyelids to turn inward which ultimately scar the cornea through the continuous scrape caused by eyelashes. Like leprosy, Guinea worm, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, etc, trachoma is one of the neglected tropical disease, although 540 million people are reported at risk in 55 countries and 84 million are already infected. Trachoma, being the eighth commonest blinding disease overall the world, become global burden in terms of both disability it causes and the economic costs. The World Health Organization (WHO) assembly led an alliance GET2020 (Alliance for Global Elimination of Blinding Trachoma by 2020), in order to eliminate the blinding trachoma by the year 2020, which in adoption by SAFE strategy actively participates based on four different components like surgery for trichiasis, antibiotics for infection, facial cleanliness and avail criteria to improve environmental factors to reduce transmission. Zithromax, an antibiotic is used for treating the infection, has a lot more side effects and the effect on recurrence is also uncertain. With the recent development in the field of science and technology, the present study utilizing the bioinformatics tools and software, aims at identifying a novel inhibitor from the plant source for the targets that involve in the pathogenicity of the organism.

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Keywords

Trachoma, Eye infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, OmcB, Calpurnia aurea and Abrus precatorius..

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