Research of Independent Living-Supporting Service for Developmental Disabilities in Era of Convergence-Focusing on supporting Developmental Disabilities in Japan
Chong Hee Kyong*
Dept. of Social Welfare, Gwangju University, Gwangju City, S. Korea
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Online published on 8 August, 2019.
Independent living-supporting paradigm campaign that was launched from early of 2000's in Korea focused on physical disabilities but developmental disabilities these days.
The analysis tool of social welfare policy of Gilbert and Terrell that can explain the social policy systemically through wide range of fields was used. The object of analysis is the independent living-supporting service that the developmental disabilities in Japan.
First, the allocation means the mentallyhandicapped person whose age is more than 18 and registered as the intellectual disability. All ages can be the object regarding the autistic disorder disable and it belongs to the mentally-handicapped. Second, there are disability basic pension, disability allowance, allowance and disability pension in national pension for the handicapped as cash benefit. There are home visiting care support system, nursing care benefit, work benefit and counselling as payment in kind. Third, supporting employment, finding job and supporting ordinary life are carried out support center for persons with Developmental and the associate of mentally-handicapped people as delivery system. Lastly, the combination that consists of 50% from the nation, 20% from prefectural road and towns and villages municipalities respectively and 10% of self-payment are chosen as its financial resource. Self-payment becomes free if there is no benefit and may be exempted in case of local government. In conclusion, home visiting care support system among cash benefit proves that it plays the big role for supporting the independent living of developmental disabilities first.
First, the standard of grade system for supporting the disability should be changed from medically-centered based on physical disabilities-centered to social activity-centered. Second, various communication methods with developmental disabilities should be developed and professional manpower should be fostered.
Japan, Developmental disabilities, Autism, Amalqamative, Gillvert and Terrell.