Effect of Active and Passive Warm-up on Heart Rate and Oral Temperature in Healthy Female Subjects
Sujatha B.1, Rayna A. Brite Saghaya2, George Annie Sunil3
1Assistant Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
2BPT 2ND Year, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
3MPT Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
*Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Online published on 8 August, 2019.
The cardiovascular system and the thermoregulatory system are strongly coupled, hence changes in the thermal environment can affect the human thermoregulatory system. This study is aimed to find out the effects of active and passive warm-up to the Heart rate. Knowing about the effect of active and passive warm-up will gives the knowledge of need for caution when active warm-up or passive warm-up is included in treatment program of patients with cardiovascular problems. The aim is to find the efficacy of heart rate and oral temperature to active and passive warm-up in healthy female subjects. An observational study design was set up in Saveetha College of Physiotherapy. 40 female Subjects were asked to ride an unloaded lower extremity bicycle ergometer set at a speed of 60meters/second for 15 minutes. Pre-& Post warm-up heart rate was recorded. Passive warm-up was done using infrared light to the lumbar area for 15 minutes. Post warm-up readings were also recorded. The interval between the two warm-ups were kept at a one-week interval. The standard mean for heart rate in active warm-up is 4.4595 when compared to the passive warm-up mean which is 2.083. The standard error for active warm-up is 0.2499 which is lower when compared to standard error of passive warm-up which is 0.4389. This shows that active warm-up causes a greater rise in heart rate. By using independent sample t-test, it shows a p value of 0.05 level of significance. The standard means of oral temperature arm-up is 0.2 499 when compared to the standard error of passive warm-up which is 0.4389. There is a p value of 0.05 level of significance which indicates that both groups cause only a slight rise in body temperature.
Heart rate, oral temperature.