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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 2
First page : ( 913) Last page : ( 919)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00156.2

Unraveling the Association of Tobacco Smoking (Nicotine) with Gut and Adipocyte Appetite Regulator Hormones-A Systematic Review

Rao US Mahadeva*, Yusoff Harmy Bin Mohamed

Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 20400, Terengganu, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: raousm@gmail.com

Online published on 18 April, 2019.


Lifestyle behaviour is the cause of about 70%-80% deaths in developing countries. Risk factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, obesity, and poor nutrition are the major causes of mortality that are crucial for researchers and policymakers to improve health and reduce preventable deaths in the developing countries. In specific, cigarette smoking has an inverse implication with body weight or body mass index (BMI). Smoking cessation has been linked to weight gain indirectly mediated through gut and adipocyte appetite regulating hormones. This systematic review is achieved through MEDLINE search to collect the data which support this idea using PubMed, Google and MEDLINE databases.



Association, Tobacco Smoking, Nicotine.


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