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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 2
First page : ( 750) Last page : ( 756)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00133.1

The Effect of State Anxiety and Self-Confidence on Olympic Performance in Korean Athletes

Kim Taegyu1, Lee Chang-Hyung2,*, Hong Soung Kyun3, Choi Young A4

1Department of Marin Sports, Pukyong National University, 45, Yongso-ro, Nam-Gu, Busan, 48513, Republic of Korea

2Pusan National University, Yangsan Hospital, 20, Geumo-ro, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 50612, Republic of Korea, aarondoctor@gmail.com

3Bumin Hospital, 59, Mandeok-daero, Buk-gu, Busan, 46555, Republic of Korea, hskmjb0501@hanmail.net

4Stony Brook University, 100 Nicolls Road, Stony Brook, NY, 11794, USA, younga.choi@gmail.com

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ktk7718@gmail.com

Online published on 18 April, 2019.



This study investigated the effect of state anxiety and self-confidence (SC) on performance in Korean Olympic athletes.

Methods/Statistical analysis

The moderating effects of type of sport, type of skill, gender, and years in the national team on performance were also studied. Sixty five Korean athletes’ state anxiety and SC were assessed using the KCSIA-2 a day before first events at the Olympics. Coaches evaluated athlete performance on a 10-point scale from 1 (poor) to 10 (excellent).


Strong positive correlations were found among cognitive anxiety (CA), somatic anxiety (SA), and SC. A main effect was significantly found for CA and an interaction effect was significantly found between CA and SA. When athletes experienced the high level of SA, those with the high level of CA produced better performance than those with the low level of CA. There was no significant effect for CA, SA, and SC on performance, for SC and performance, and for SA and performance.


Our findings indicate the high level of CA assisted Korean Olympic athletes to produce peak performance.



Cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, self-confidence, peak performance, Olympic, elite athletes.


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