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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2106) Last page : ( 2110)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00390.6

Prevalence of Uropathogens among Diabetic Patients in Punjab, India

Vyas Ashish*, Singh Karamjeet, Kumar Gaurav

Department of Microbiology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144402, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ashish.vyas@lpu.co.in; vyas.lpu@gmail.com

Online published on 21 August, 2018.

Abstract

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among ten most prominent complications encountered by diabetic patients. UTIs also responsible for worsening the clinical condition of diabetic patients by causing damage tothe urinary tract. During the study, a total of 67 urine samples were collected from (different age groups and both gender) the diabetic patients clinically suspected for urinary tract Infections (UTIs) at Beas Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India. These samples were screened for the isolation and characterization of microorganisms by standard microbiologicalmethods. Later these microorganisms were screened for their sensitivity towards standard antibiotics. Among 67 samples, 33 (49.25%) were found to be positive for uropathogens while 27 (43.28%) were bacterial pathogens while 4 (5.97%) were opportunistic yeast (C. albicans). Antimicrobial susceptibility analysis of uropathogens exhibited maximum resistant towards nalidixic acid and cefuroxime while cefoxitin, amikacin, and netillin were found to be most effective. Based on these observations it could be stated that diabetic patients are not having any significant effect on the type of uropathogens as enterobacteriaceae remains to be the major group of uropathogens, however, diabetes does increase the morbidity of UTIs.

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Keywords

Antibiotic resistance, Diabetes mellitus, urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli, uropathogens.

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