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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 4
First page : ( 1480) Last page : ( 1485)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00275.5

Immobilization of β-galactosidase in Chitosan-Alginate composite scaffolds and optimization of lactose hydrolysis

 Bonshikachatterjee, Nivetha A., Mohanasrinivasan V.*

School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: v.mohan@vit.ac.in

Online published on 24 July, 2018.

Abstract

The immobilization of lactase (β-galactosidase) enzyme was achieved by entrapping it in chitosan-alginate composite scaffolds, which were formed by ionotropic pre-gelation followed by a pH increase to synthesize polyelectrolyte complex scaffolds, and subsequent cross-linking and activation by glutaraldehyde. The operational stability upon storage of the enzyme entrapped was checked by performing batch hydrolysis of lactose concentrations ranging from 1mg/ml to 5mg/ml and the resulting glucose produced in every reaction was determined using the glucose oxidase-peroxidase assay. This study also investigates the stability of the free and immobilized enzymes at altered sets of pH and temperature at a fixed concentration of enzyme for the reaction medium. Morphology and structure characterization of lyophilized composite scaffolds were examined using scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infra-red spectra, respectively.

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Keywords

β-galactosidase, polymer-based composite scaffolds, chitosan-alginate, Polyelectrolyte complex, optimization.

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