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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 3
First page : ( 1247) Last page : ( 1250)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00232.9

Effect of Smoking on Interleukin-1 and Reactive Oxygen Species in Periodontitis

Divyadharsini V, Dr. Sankari M

1Bachelor of Dental Surgery, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu

2Department of Periodontology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Online published on 7 July, 2018.


Periodontitis is a chronic infection of the connective tissue and destroys the underlying alveolar bone. Risk factors for the periodontitis includes Gingivitis, Poor oral health habits, Smoking or tobacco, Older age, Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or menopause, Obesity, Vitamin C deficiency, Genetics, Conditions that cause decreased immunity, such as leukemia, HIV/AIDS and cancer treatment, Diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's disease. Since smoking is a risk factor for periodontitis, in this review we are discussing about the effect of smoking on interleukin and reactive oxygen species.



Interleukin, Periodontics, Reactive oxygen species, Smoking.


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