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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 12
First page : ( 5469) Last page : ( 5473)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00997.6

Gingival Biotype Assessment in relation to varying tooth form-A Cross Sectional Study

Swapna V.B1,*, Shetty Sheetal2, Shetty Smitha S3

1Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal-576104, Karnataka

2Assistant Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal-576104, Karnataka

3Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal-576104, Karnataka

*Corresponding Author E-mail: swapbv@yahoomail.com

Online published on 18 May, 2019.


The role of gingival tissue in restorative dentistry is important in harmonizing esthetics and biological function. Gingival biotypes have been stated to be thick or thin. Patients with thin biotype are more susceptible to recession, inflammation, and compromised soft tissue response. The correct identification of gingival biotypes is important for the treatment of planning process in restorative and implant dentistry. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of different biotypes in individuals with varying forms of maxillary central incisors. A total of 150 students with age range of 18–21 years participated in the study. Clinical parameters including the papillary height, crown width/length ratio of the central incisors and gingival thickness were recorded by one examiner. The measurements were tabulated and evaluated. Females had thinner biotypes and short, wider form of maxillary central incisors. and males exhibited thicker biotype with long, narrower forms of maxillary central incisors.



Central incisor, Papillary height, Thick biotype, Thin biotype.


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