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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 9
First page : ( 3017) Last page : ( 3021)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00535.2

Knowledge, attitude and practice of Diabetic Retinopathy among type II diabetic patients of South Indian population

Murali Nandhini*, Abinaya S.K, Saveetha V.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Pallavaram, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nandhini094@gmail.com

Online published on 16 May, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) can be characterized as a metabolic disorder, which results in the increase of blood sugar level in the body which might lead to macrovascular and microvascular complication. It is a non-communicable disease. Diabetes Mellitus has also become a major concern in public health and also has imposed an economic burden on the society.

Aim

The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of Diabetic Retinopathy in patients with Diabetes Mellitus of the south Indian population.

Materials and Methods

Patients who were diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus admitted in a tertiary care government hospital located in Chennai was included in this study. A questionnaire (Bandar Krayem Al Zarea et al) was provided to the patient to analyze their knowledge, attitude and practices about Diabetic Retinopathy among patients diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus. The data collected were coded and entered into SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Science) version 20 and statistical analysis was done.

Result

This study incorporated 230 diabetic individuals out of which 112 (48.7%) were male patients and 118 (51.3%) were females. The majority of the diabetic patients 146 (63.5%) were aware that Diabetes can cause eye disorders, 127 (55.2%) of patients replied that diabetic individuals should go for regular eye checkups and 141 (61.3%) of patients were aware that they should visit an ophthalmologist in the event of eye problem. Out of 230 diabetic 174 patients 174 (75.7%) were aware that timely treatment can prevent or delay damage of eyes in diabetic patients and about 82% of all the participants went for regular ocular examinations.

Conclusion

The majority of the patient diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus had knowledge about Diabetes can cause eye disease and it is essential for all patients diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus to take the regular ocular examination.

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Keywords

Awareness, ocular disorder, eye problem.

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