Evaluation of Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Coronary Risk Factors in Patients with Acute Intractable Syndrome Hospitalized in CCU of Amir-almomenin Hospital, Zabol
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Mortality and morbidity due to coronary artery disease cause damage in socio-economic status and health costs imposed on society. Therefore, it is essential to understand the factors affecting it. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate gender differences in the prevalence of risk factors for coronary artery disease in patients with acute coronary syndrome. The study included 380 patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to the CCU, after obtaining the consent of the patients and recording demographic data, risk factors for coronary artery disease were recorded. Chi-square tests, T-student and ANOVA were used to compare data by SPSS version 18. Our results showed that most patients with acute coronary syndrome with male gender 59.2%, history of hypertension 87.1%. In terms of gender differences in terms of risk factors, only smoking significantly higher in men as compared to women, respectively 66.2% vs 16.8% (P<0.05). According to the results of the present study, there is direct relationship between the male sex and a history of high blood pressure, subsequent degrees of diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, previous history of MI, and acute coronary syndrome. It is recommended for positive symptoms, clinical examinations, and para-clinical tests to be taken into consideration by experts in order to identify people with acute coronary syndrome quickly and promptly and provide more precise consultancy and treatment services.
Gender Differences, Coronary Risk Factors, Acute Intractable Syndrome, CCU, Zabol.