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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 8
First page : ( 2668) Last page : ( 2670)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00474.7

Association between Harmful Oral Habits and Signs and Symptoms of TMD among Adolescents

Ms.  Anitha1, Dr. Kumar V. Jayanth2,*

1Final Year BDS Student, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

2Reader, Dept of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

*Corresponding Author E-mail: doctorjayanth@gmail.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.


Tempero Mandibular Disorders (TMD) has multifactorial aetiologies with various initiating factors (trauma, parafunctional habits), predisposing factors (systematic, genetic, structural, psychological) and perpetuating factors (metabolic factors, muscle stress). Occurrence of sign and symptoms of TMD disorders in all age groups with low prevalence among adolescents. The range of symptoms occurring in adolescents are considered to be mild in nature. Non nutritional oral habits like lip biting, nail biting being associated with TMD among adolescents. Hence it is necessary to make the adolescents aware about the harmful oral habits that could lead to TMD.


To find whether harmful oral habits are associated with sign and symptoms of TMD among adolescents


A cross sectional study is carried out among 100 adolescents as well as questionnaire filled to find out whether harmful oral habits are associated with signs and symptoms of TMD among adolescents.


The results revealed that 60 out of 80 participants had at least mild subclinical symptom of TMD. 75% of patients had atleast one harmful/parafunctional habit. The great majority among them were lip biting, nail biting.



Temperomandibular disorder, adolescents, harmful habits.


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