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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 7
First page : ( 2255) Last page : ( 2259)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00399.7

The Effect of Dual task Program on Reducing the Risk of Dementia in older Adults

Park Soo-Hyun1,  Si-NaeAhn2,*

1Department of Occupational Therapy, Yeoju Institute of Technology, 12652, Korea

2Department of Occupational Therapy, Hyejeon College, Korea

*Corresponding author E-mail: maxmothoer@hanmail.net, otlovesn@gmail.com

Online published on 17 October, 2017.



The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a dual task program on prevention to dementia in old adult.

Methods/Statistical analysis

Forty-four people were selected as subjects with a high risk of developing dementia. Using a Korean version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, cognitive function was recorded; the Short Form of the Geriatric Depression Scale and the Korean version of the Quality of Life Alzheimer's Disease were administered pre-and post-evaluation to determine the changes in levels of depression and quality of life. Paired t tests were conducted using SPSS Version 12.0.


The results indicated that the dual task program affected cognitive function and quality of life in older adults with a higher risk of developing dementia. The level of depression decreased after the intervention, but there was no statistically significant difference. In these studies, dual task programs included the synchronized use of both hands, integration of the bilateral side, and bimanual activity of inserting to facilitate cognitive function. Additionally, through the process of making procedures, the dual task program consisted of contents that enhance cognitive functions and motor functions. As a result, the dual task has been shown to be effective in preventing dementia. The dual task program was designed to improve cognitive functions and quality of life of those in an older population with a higher risk of developing dementia.


Applying the dual task program to elderly subjects at a high risk of developing dementia was confirmed to prevent dementia.



Cognitive function, Complex program, Dementia, Dual-task, Quality of life.


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