In vitro Antibacterial Activity of different crude leaves extracts of Sterculia foetida Linn
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Sterculia foetida is a soft handsome woody tree with various pharmacological properties and they are most prevalently found in India, Thailand, Indonesia, Ghana, and Australia. The biochemically active compounds present in the plant possess good medicinal properties which have been already reported in several research papers. The present study was designed to screen the biochemically active compounds present in the leaves of Sterculia foetida. Qualitative analysis were performed using five different solvents (hexane, chloroform, methanol, ethyl acetate and aqueous) by using various standard protocol for each specific metabolite. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence and absence of fifteen secondary metabolites (carbohydrates, tannins, saponin, flavonoids, alkaloids, quinones, terpenoids, glycosides, triterpenoids, phenols, coumarins, proteins, cardiac glycosides, steroids, phytosterols) from all the five extracts in varying concentrations. Screening studies finally revealed the presence of high content of five secondary metabolites in methanol leaves extract when compared with other four solvent leaves extracts.
Sterculia foetida Linn, Leaves Extracts, Agar well diffusion method, Zone of inhibition, antibacterial activity.