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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 11
First page : ( 4011) Last page : ( 4018)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00727.2

The Consequence of Neuromuscular Training on Electromyography Activity of Lateral Compartment Muscles after Ankle Lateral Ligament Injury in Athletes.

kalirathinam Deivendran1,2, Hashim Hairul Anuar3, Singh Taran Singh Pall4, Ismail Mohamed Saat5,*

1Faculty of Health Sciences, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, Kuala, Nerus-21300, Terengganu, Malaysia

2School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

3Associate Professor and Programme Chairman, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

4Lecturer, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medical Sciences, University Science Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

5Associate Professor, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Online published on 26 March, 2018.


The ankle is one of the most common sports injuries and is also the most frequently re-injured. In the majority of cases, the ankle rolls inwards (inversion) under the weight of the rest of the body, resulting in damage to the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of peripheral afferent information from the lateral ankle ligaments in spatial and temporal muscle activation characteristics during an inversion perturbation dynamic stability. Twenty athletes volunteered to participate in this study, who sustained a lateral ankle sprain who were recruited for participation in this study. The subjects participated in a variety of collegiate sports were included in the study. The results indicated no statistically significant differences in the mean firing time between the control and experimental group for both the peroneus longus (t12 = 1.24, p = 0.238) or the tibialis anterior (t12= 0.75, p = 0.467) muscles. The results also showed no significant differences to exist between the tibialis anterior and peroneal muscles in both the control group (t= 2.31, p = 0.039) and experimental group (t12 = 2.13, p = 0.054) ankles. The results of the present investigation demonstrate that spontaneous reflex response time of the anterior tibialis and peroneal muscles do not differ between the control group ankle vs. the experimental group ankle. The inclusion of a comprehensive rehabilitation program following injury may have played a critical role in the results of this study.



Dynamic stability, neuromuscular training, Ankle injury.


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