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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 11
First page : ( 3868) Last page : ( 3872)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00702.8

Relationship between Cardiopulmonary function Metabolic Syndrome Indices

Kim Do-Jin1, Kim Jong-Hyuck2,*

1Professor, Dept. of Rehabilitation Sports, Bucheon University, 25 Sinheung-ro 56beon-gil Wonmi-gu, Buecheon-sigyeonggi-do, 14632, Republic of Korea

2Professor, Dept. of Beauty and health, Jungwon University, 85 Munmu-ro, Goesan-eup, Goesan-gun Chungbuk, 367–700, Republic of Korea

*Corresponding Author E-mail: taehab@hanmail.net, jhkim4170@hanmail.net

Online published on 26 March, 2018.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cardiopulmonary function and metabolic syndrome among college students living in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do. Body fat percentage, waist-hip circumference ratio, blood pressure, triglyceride, and glucose were measured as the index of metabolic syndrome based on the maximum oxygen uptake.

Methods/Statistical analysis

Exercise test was performed with maximal exercise test. Experiments were compared with cardiopulmonary function and metabolic syndrome indicators based on each test data. Cardiovascular fitness was measured using a treadmill (Medtrack ST 65, Quinton, USA) and a gas analyzer (True-one, Quinton, USA). Exercise load testing protocol is Bruce Protocol. Participants underwent maximal exercise test. The criteria for reaching maximum capacity are respiratory exchange ratio (RER) of 1.15 or more, awareness a rating of perceived exertion(RPE) of 17 or greater, with increased exercise intensity VO2 values were not raised. PASW 18.0 Statistical programs were used to present the descriptive statistics of the measurement variables. The correlation between the measured variables and the Independent t-test were used to compare the measured variables and the groups. The significance level was set to be.05.


First, cardio respiratory function, body fat percentage, waist-hip circumference ratio were found to be significantly correlated. Body fat percentage, waist-hip circumference ratio, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, and glucose were all significantly correlated(p<.05). Second, Body fat percentage was significantly different between HCG and LCG, and waist hip ratio was also statistically significant(p<.05). On the other hand, there was no statistically significant difference in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, and glucose (p>.05).


It is shown that the cardiovascular capacities and metabolic syndrome indexes did have close relativeness. To prevent human body from metabolic syndromes, increasing the cardiovascular level and capacity is considered crucial; but to clarify and support this result, more studies which can analyze people in various ages and gender should be needed.



Cardiopulmonary Function, Metabolic Syndrome, Blood Pressure, Triglyceride, Glucose, Waist-hip Ratio.


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