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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 11
First page : ( 3819) Last page : ( 3825)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00693.X

Road Traffic Accident Coming to Hillah Teaching Hospital: Prospective and Retrospective Study

Flayyih Salam Salah, Hameed Imad Hadi*, Fakhir Fakhir Daffa

College of Nursing, University of Babylon, Iraq

*Corresponding Author E-mail: imad_dna@yahoo.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.

Abstract

Study was planned to study the major causes/risk factors as well as nature, type and mode of occurrence of road traffic accidents in Hilla city and study demographic profile and injury pattern among RTA victims. Road traffic accidents are responsible for a substantial proportion of deaths &injuries and are responsible for more years of life lost than most human diseases. This study has been conducted prospectively. The WHO has defined road traffic accident (RTA) as when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction. This prospective study was conducted at Hillah Teaching hospital, Hillah city from 1st October 2016 to 30th Mach 2017. The retrospective study group consisted of all the RTA victims reporting to Emergency Department of Hillah Teaching Hospital in the study period from 1st January 2010 to 30th December 2016. The data were summarized using percentages. There is a high percentage of RTA among males of younger age group (10–20) years those were using cars. Total of 210 injured patients were seen in the emergency department. Commonest injury was a simple injuries (81.9 percent, n=172), dangerous injuries (13.33 percent, n=28) and dead was (4.29 percent, n=9)

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Keywords

Road Traffic Accident, Injuries, Prospective, Retrospective, Mode of travel.

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