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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 161) Last page : ( 165)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00035.X

Preliminary analysis of Phyto-constituents from the Leaf Extracts of Ballota nigra Linn

Marimuthu Nishandhini, Viswanathan T, Radha Mahendran*, Rathisre P.R., Suganya Jeyabaskar

Department of Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences, Vels University, Pallavaram, Chennai-600117, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: mahen.radha@gmail.com

Online published on 29 April, 2017.

Abstract

Currently, World is witnessing an inimitable growth in the practice of herbal medicines. Ballota nigra Linn (Black horehound) of the family Lamiaceae, was found to possess large number of pharmacological values like antioxidants, Neurosedative effect, Hypoglycemic effect, Antimicrobial, insecticidal effect and Anticholinesterase activities. To the best of our knowledge this is first new report on the plant Ballota nigra in india. Hence, the objective of the study is to analyse the bioactive constituents from the leaves of Ballota nigra. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the leaf extract was carried out with five different solvents of increasing polarity (Hexane, Chloroform, Ethyl Acetate, Methanol, and Aqueous). Qualitative phytochemical analysis of all the extracts was performed by standard methods and it reveals the presence of wide range of Phytoconstituents like Carbohydrates, Tannins, Saponin, Flavonoids, Alkaloids, Quinones, Terpenoids, Glycosides, Triterpenoids, Phenols, Coumarins, Acids, Proteins, Cardiac glycosides and Phytosterols in different deliberations. However, richness of Phytochemicals was observed in methanolic leaf extract. Initial studies will serve as base for further research in evaluating therapeutic potentials of the plant compounds by in vitro studies.

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Keywords

Ballota nigra Linn., Bioactive constituents, Qualitative, Leaf extract and pharmacological values.

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