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Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 4
First page : ( 177) Last page : ( 180)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2020.00032.4

Detection of arthritis by erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test - A review

Kulkarni Megha S.*, Deep Gagan S. V.

Department of Pharmacology, PES College of Pharmacy PES University, Bengaluru - 560050, KarnatakaIndia.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: meghakulkarni@pes.edu

Online published on 10 February, 2021.


The detection of inflammation/arthritis which may be caused due to one or more diseases like tumors, autoimmune disorders, infections, in aid to diagnosing special conditions like Temporal arthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, etc. ESR test measures the inflammation of the body indirectly. The test tests the (RBC) rate of erythrocyte (sedimentation) dropping in a blood sample placed in a vertical tube which is tall and thin in size. The outcomes are seen in millimeter of transparent fluid (plasma) present after an hour in the top section of the tube. ESR test is commonly done for the monitoring and diagnosis of, Systemic Vasculitis: Blood vessel lining inflammation. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Condition which is causing joint inflammation. Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Temporal arthritis complication. Temporal A: Type of inflammation of blood vessels.



ESR, Sedimentation Rate, Sed Rate, Wintrobe Sedimentation Rate, Westergren Sedimentation Rate..


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