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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2013, Volume : 5, Issue : 3
First page : ( 155) Last page : ( 168)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.

A systematic Review on Antidiabetic medicinal Plants

Ravichandiran V., Nirmala Sankaradoss*

Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University. P.V. Vaithiyalingam Road, Velan Nager, Old Pallvaram, Chennai-600117

*Corresponding Author: Ms. S. Nirmala, Assistant Professor Department of Pharmacognosy School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, P.V. Vaithiyalingam Road, Velan Nager, Old Pallvaram, Chennai-600117 Email: nirmala.cognosy@gmail.com, Mobile No: 9043250866

Online published on 31 October, 2013.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is chronic metabolic disorders that affect human body in terms of physical, psychological and social health. It is defined as a group of disorders characterized by hyperglycemia, altered metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is expected to reach up to 4.4% in the world by 2030. Plants are indispensible sources of medicine since time immemorial. Studies on natural products are aimed to determine medicinal values of plants by exploration of existing scientific knowledge, traditional uses, and discovery of potential chemotherapeutic agents. Phytochemicals are used as templates for lead optimization programs, which are intended to make safe and effective drugs.. In this regard, plants provide the best option for search of desired safe and effective medications. Since ancient times, plants have been an exemplary source of medicine. Various plants have been found to possess significant anti-diabetic property after their preclinical and clinical evaluation. This present review presents the profiles of plants with hypoglycaemic properties reported in the earlier literatures. Use of these plants may delay the development of diabetic complications and can correct the metabolic abnormalities through variety of mechanisms. Moreover, during the past few years many phytoconstituents responsible for anti-diabetic effects have been isolated from plants.. Moreover, during the past few years some of the new bioactive drugs isolated from hypoglycaemic plants showed antidiabetic activity with more efficacy than oral hypoglycaemic agents used in clinical therapy.

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Keywords

Diabetes, Phytoconstituents, plants, natural medicine.

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