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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2013, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : ( 59) Last page : ( 68)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.

Curcuma longa Linn. A Phytochemical and Phytopharmacological Review

Sabale Prafulla1,*, Modi Arjun1, Sabale Vidya2

1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Parul Institute of Pharmacy, Limda-391 760, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

2Department of Pharmaceutics, Parul Institute of Pharrmacy and Research, Limda-391 760, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

*Corresponding Author: Prafulla Sabale, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Parul Institute of Pharmacy, Limda-391 760, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Online published on 31 October, 2013.

Abstract

Curcuma longa commonly known as turmeric is a well-known indigenous herbal medicine traditionally used as a spice in Indian food. Turmeric is used in India for thousands of years as a major part of Ayurvedic medicine. It was first used as a dye and then later for its possible medicinal properties. Turmeric is traditionally used as a spice and colori in foods dueing to curcuminoids curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and bis-demethoxycurcumin as important chemical constituents. Curcuma longa sshows wide range of biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, antiseptic, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective and digestive activities. This Review expresses the devel lopment of Curcuma long from a traditional spice to a modern application in the present period.

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Keywords

Curcuma longa, Turmeric, Curcumin, Ayurvedic medicine, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-oxidants, Anticancer, Antimicrobial activity.

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