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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2022, Volume : 14, Issue : 2
First page : ( 77) Last page : ( 88)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.52711/0975-4385.2022.00016

Perfumed Ginger (Hedychium Spicatum Sm): An Essential oil-bearing plant

Mittal Roopal1,2,*, Goel Prerna2, Kushwah Ajay Singh3, Ranga Gurjant4

1PhD Research Scholar, IK Gujral Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar (Punjab) 144601, India

2Assistant Professor, Pharmacognosy, GD Goenka University, Sohna, Gurugram, India

3Department of Pharmacology, Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College of Pharmacy, Bela (Ropar) (Punjab) 140111, India

4Department of Pharmacology, R.K.S.D. College of Pharmacy, Kaithal (Haryana) 136027, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: roopmittal17@gmail.com

Online published on 15 June, 2022.


Hedychium spicatum Buch. Ham. ex D. Don. belonging to family Zingiberaceae, commonly known as kapoor kachri is, an essential oil-bearing species known for its medicinally useful scented rhizomes. The herb forms an important part of various polyherbal formulations cited in various classical texts of Chinese, Tibetian, Indian and Unani origin. The rhizome contains about 4% of essential containing a variety of terpenoids (monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids and diterpenoids) with 1, 8-Cineole, camphene, sabinene, β-pinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene as major constituents. It is traditionally used for the treatment of different kinds of pain, inflammation, respiratory and blood disorders. The present study systematically compiles its botany, distribution, cultivation, traditional uses, phytochemistry, IUCN status, pharmacological activities and granted patents with respect to the herb and formulations containing H. spicatum. It adds up to the existing knowledge of the previous reviews on the species with prioritization on metabolic profiling and need to use advanced biotechnological propagation techniques for better conservation of the herb in its natural habitat hence preventing its adulteration in trade markets.



Hedychium spicatum, Shati, Kapur kachari, Zingiberaceae, Phytopharmacological review.


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