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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 37) Last page : ( 46)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2020.00008.4

Comparative Review on Pharmacognostical and Pharmacological activities of Ocimum Species

Rajan Dhanya*, K Jisna., Hamza Anas, Rishana Fathimathul

Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacognosy, Crescent College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Madayipara, Kannur

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dhanyarenjith341987@gmail.com


Tulsi, also known as holy basil, is indigenous to the Indian continent and highly revered for its medicinal uses within the Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems. In the Ayurveda system tulsi is often referred to as an “Elixir of Life” for its healing powers and has been known to treat many different common health conditions. In the Indian Materia Medica tulsi leaf extracts are described for treatment of bronchitis, rheumatism, and pyrexia. Bioactive compounds of Tulsi responsible for its various medicinal properties and their effects at the molecular level need to be investigated in more detail for pharmaceutical therapeutic applications. Reported therapeutic uses include treatment of epilepsy, asthma or dyspnea, hiccups, cough, skin and haematological diseases, parasitic infections, neuralgia, headache, wounds, and inflammation and oral condition. The juice of the leaves has been applied as a drop for ear ache, while the tea infusion has been used for treatment of gastric and hepatic disorders. The roots and stems were also traditionally used to treat mosquito and snake bites and for malaria. The present review summarizes the comprehensive information regarding Pharmacognostical and Pharmacological activities of different varieties of tulsi.



Ocimum species, Pharmacognostical, Pharmacological activities.


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