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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 754) Last page : ( 758)
Print ISSN : 0975-6795. Online ISSN : 2321-5828.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00126.2

Social Impact of Cock Fight: The Study among the Santals

Chakraborty Parikshit*

Junior Research Fellow, Anthropological Survey of India, Field Station, Ranchi, Kadru, Jharkhand-834002

*Corresponding Author Email: parikshitchakraborty1@gmail.com

Online published on 30 January, 2019.


Cock-fights were widely broadcast in the eighteenth century. This was due to the fact that it was animal sports that cut across class lines. Most of the fights were organized for gentlemen by gentlemen in Western Countries. Cockfight has deep roots in rural parts of in India as well as in West Bengal. This dangerous sports practiced by the Santals people of Foringdanga, Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal, India. Most of the fights were held in a cockpit or battleground. It generally a rounded or rectangle platform in the middle of the ground and was bounded by the viewers. The cocks were matched by approx. weight and size. In this study the present researcher find that the bloody and dangerous sports i.e. Cock-fight has social importance in Santals society who livings at Foringdanga village. Therefore, the participators as well as the aficionados have the social hierarchy as well as high status of the identity in santal society. Although the Cock-fights are illegal in most jurisdictions, it remains, that the fight should be generally in a secret location. Because cockfighting is subject to criminal sanction and informal social disapproval; but in reality, it happened in an open public place like weekly market, fair, playground, etc. Due to the illegal status of cockfighting in many jurisdictions and to basic ethical considerations which exclude becoming overtly participative in research, I developed a conscious stance of "observation" with some case studies. Therefore, the Present study aims to highlight that participation of Cockfight as a significant role which presents their hierarchy of society.



Cock-fight, Cockpit, Social Importance, Hierarchy of the Society, Illegal Status.


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