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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Year : 2016, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 47) Last page : ( 53)
Print ISSN : 0975-6795. Online ISSN : 2321-5828.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00010.3

Migration and Dwelling of Arasbaran Tribe in Iran

Niknafs Hojjat*

Department of Iranian Studies, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia

*Corresponding Author: Hojjat Niknafs Department of Iranian Studies Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia

Online published on 22 March, 2016.

Abstract

Arasbaran or Qaradagh is the name of region that is located in the longitude of 46°15´ to 47°25´ and in the latitude of 38°20´ to 39°23´, the region comprises three cities which includes Ahar, Kaleybar and Varzeghan which is located in East Azarbaijan province, Iran. Having cool weather, mountains with more grazing lands and a great river like Aras caused Arasbaran or Qaradagh tribe which has 6 clans called 1chalbyanlu 2-Gharachorlu 3-Mohammad-khanlu 4-Hossein-kulu 5-Haji-Alilu 6-Dash-Garus, to choose this area as their own permanent and current habitant. Arasbaran tribe do vertical migration (i.e. migration from low lands to grazing lands) to use pastures which they called it as “Qeshlagh” (summering place) and “Yaylagh (wintering place). They use two methods in this migration: in traditional method they use animals to carry their own living materials on foot, and in vehicular method they use trucks and cars. We should note that they were using some kind of swelling called “Alachigh” in the past in Qeshlagh and Yaylagh region which was made of wood and sheep's wool. Also,they were using other kinds of dwellings called Kowme and Chatma. But nowadays they use these shelters just in Yaylagh and use houses made of building materials (like cement andbrick) in Qeshlagh.

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Keywords

Arasbaran, migrants, migration, Qeshlagh, Yaylagh, dwelling.

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