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Journal of Resources, Energy and Development
Year : 2020, Volume : 17, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 16)
Print ISSN : 0975-7554. Online ISSN : 0974-0929.

Analysing nexus between economic growth, GHG emissions, and energy consumption for India

Usmania Rahil Akhtar*

Assistant Professor, IIAST (Integral Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology), Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshIndia

*Corresponding author: rahil7366@gmail.com

Online published on 30 May, 2021.


Rising greenhouse gas emissions is an important issue of the current time. India's massive greenhouse gas emissions is ranked third globally. The escalating energy demand in the country has opened the gateway for further increase in emissions. Recent studies suggest strong nexus between energy consumption, economic growth, and carbon emissions. This study has the objective to empirically test the aforementioned interdependencies. The co-integration test and multivariate vector error correction model (VECM) are used for the analysis and the Granger Causality test is used to establish the direction of causality. The time-series data for the period of 1971–2011 is used for the analysis. The results of the study confirm strong co-integration between variables.

The causality results show that economic growth exerts a causal influence on carbon emissions, energy consumption exerts a causal influence on economic growth, and carbon emissions exert a causal influence on economic growth. Based on the results, the study suggests a policy that focuses on energy conservation and gradual replacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy sources, which would be beneficial for the environment and the society.



Carbon emission, Economic growth, Energy consumption, Multivariate co-integration, Granger causality.


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