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Research on Crops
Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 3
First page : ( 604) Last page : ( 610)
Print ISSN : 0972-3226. Online ISSN : 2348-7542.
Article DOI : 10.31830/2348-7542.2020.094

Assessment of vegetable seeds quality by micro-focus X-ray analysis

Farhad Musaev B.1*, Aleksey Soldatenko V.1, Leonid Krivenkov V.1, Alexander Bukharov F.2, Sergey Beletskyi L.3, Parfait Kezimana4

1Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Federal Scientific Vegetable Center”, Moscow Region, 143080, Russia

2All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing-Branch of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Federal Scientific Vegetable Center”, Moscow Region, 140153, Russia.

3Federal State Budgetary Institution “Research Institute of Storage Problems”, Federal Agency of State Reserves, Moscow, 111033. Russia.

4Department of Agrobiotechnology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, 117198, Russia.

*(e-mail : musayev@bk.ru)

Online published on 17 October, 2020.

Abstract

Biophysical methods for seeds’ quality control, like micro-focus X-ray, have shown greater efficacy compared to standard morphometric methods, as they are more informative, rapid, and easy to use. This study was conducted during 2017-2018 at Federal Scientific Vegetable Center in Moscow region, Russia using micro-focus radiography, to analyze, identify and classify the characteristic defects and deficiencies in the internal structure of seeds of spinach, cucumber, and peas. With X-ray analysis we were able to assess normal (full-value) seeds, which also germinated during our germination analysis, and thus showing that this method can be effective in quality assessment. In addition, statistical analysis of the experimental data showed that the results of visual x-ray analysis coincided with the data of laboratory germination of seeds, the strength of this correlation was estimated by the correlation coefficient: from r = 0.78 (spinach) to r = 0.88 (peas). Therefore, the microfocus X-ray method is quite effective in analyzing the quality of seeds and compares favorably with the standard method in terms of greater informative value, speed and ease of execution, and the safety of the analyzed seed samples. The prospect of this work is the full automation of the process of X-ray analysis of the internal structure of seeds in consideration to the morpho-biological significance.

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Key words

Informative method, Undeveloped seed, Vegetable seeds, X-ray analysis.

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