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ORYZA- An International Journal on Rice
Year : 2012, Volume : 49, Issue : 1
First page : ( 24) Last page : ( 29)
Print ISSN : 0474-7615. Online ISSN : 2249-5266.

Effect of organic farming on productivity and quality of basmati rice

Sihi Oebjani1, Sharma O.K.1, Pathak H.1, Singh V.V., Sharma C.P.2,  Lata3, Chaudhary A.1, Oari B.4

CCUBGA, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

1Division of Environmental Sciences, IARI, New Delhi-110012

2National Centre of Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi-110012

3Division of Microbiology, IARI, New Delhi-110012

4Department of Agricultural Meteorology, PAU, Ludhiana, Punjab-141004

Online published on 29 June, 2013.


A study was carried out in farmers’ fields in Kaithal district of Haryana during wet season 2009–10 to evaluate the impact of organic and conventional farming systems on productivity and quality of basmati rice. Yield and harvest index of Taraori basmati rice cultivated under both the practices were similar. Organic management enhanced grain elongation, kernel length, kernel breadth and their ratio compared to conventional practice. Organic management increased amylose content and slickness of grains but reduced crude protein content. Micronutrient (Fe, Mn and Zn) concentration in rice grain also increased with organic practices. No difference in aroma of basmati rice was observed under both the management practices. The yield data indicated that farmers adopting organic farming were able to get sustainable and comparable yield during nine years of organic farming. The study concluded that basmati rice can be grown organically with optimum productivity and improved grain quality.



basmati rice, organic agriculture, productivity, cost analysis, grain quality, micronutrient.


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