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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2017, Volume : 8, Issue : 2
First page : ( 148) Last page : ( 152)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2017.00012.X

Occupational stress among police personnel in India

Ragesh G1,*, Tharayil Harish M2, Raj Meharoof TP3,6, Philip Mariamma4, Hamza Ameer5

1PhD Scholar, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

2Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Govt. Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India

3Senior Consultant Physician, Priam Family Care, Pottammal Junction, Mavoor Road, Calicut, Kerala, India

6Ex-Consultant in Medicine, Govt. General Hospital, Calicut, Kerala, India

4Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

5Additional Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

*Correspondence: G Ragesh, PhD Scholar, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Dr MV Govindaswamy Centre, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru-560029, Karnataka, India. rageshpsw@gmail.com

Online published on 30 June, 2017.

Abstract

Background

Occupational stress and associated physical and mental health related issues are not addressed in Indian police personnel with adequate importance.

Methods

Cross-sectional survey was conducted among police personnel (both male and female) in Calicut urban police district, Kerala state, India. Police personnel from all designations (ranks), except from the all India services (Indian Police Service) were included in the study. Data were collected using a specifically designed datasheet covering socio-demographic profile, physical and mental health related details which was prepared by researchers. Occupational stress was measured using Operational Police Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-OP) and Organisational Police Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-ORG).

Result

The study found that both operational and organisational stress was significant among the police officers. Organisational stress was experienced in moderate level by 68% and in high level by 14%. Operational stress scores were in the moderate range in 67% and in high range in 16.5%. The younger age group (21–35 years) and lower level rank police personnel had higher stress. Stress was higher among female police personnel compared to males. While 23% of them had been diagnosed with physical illnesses, a significant four per cent of them with mental illness, and 29% of them reported substance abuse.

Conclusion

The results point to the high level of stress among Indian police personnel and the need for urgent interventions from the government to address the occupational stress.

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Keywords

Law Enforcement Officers, Mental Health, Substance Abuse.

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