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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2021, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 43) Last page : ( 47)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2021.00013.6

Knowledge of hand cleanliness among medical students and nurses at tertiary healthcare centre: A cross-sectional study

Mahanta Bandana1, Das DK2, Borah Pollov3, Mahanta Putul4,*, Dutta Malamoni5

1Department of Anaesthesiology, Tezpur Medical College and Hospital, Tezpur, Assam, India

2Department of Microbiology, (Regional Institute of Opthalmology [RIO]), Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

3Department of Anaesthesiology, Jorhat Medical College and Hospital, Jorhat, Assam, India

4Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

5Department of Anatomy, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

*Correspondence: Prof. (Dr.) Putul Mahanta, 1, Karmabir Bordoloi Path, Rukmini Nagar, Assam Sashivalaya, Dispur, Kamrup (Metro), Assam, India, Pin: 781006, drpmahanta@gmail.com

Online published on 26 October, 2020.



Hand hygiene is documented as one of the foremost techniques to prevent cross-transmission of germs. Objectives: This paper aims to assess the knowledge of hand cleanliness among medical students and working nurses.


It was a cross-sectional descriptive study, carried over a sample selected by non-probability convenient sampling technique. The questionnaire used here to assess the knowledge and practice on hand hygiene was adapted from the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care. The data thus collected were presented in terms of counts and percentages. Chi-square test was used to test the significance of the differences, and a p-value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.


Overall, 92.08% of participants have received training in handwashing. Twenty-five (41.60%) medical students believed that the microbes already present with the patient were responsible for hospital-acquired infection (HAI). Medical students had significantly higher knowledge than working nurses regarding dryness of skin due to hand rubbing over handwashing (p<0.05). Medical students also had substantially higher awareness about the performance of handwashing and hand rubbing in sequence (p<0.05), which they think was not right. Knowledge on the colonisation of hands with harmful microbes was more with the nurses.


There is a need to increase awareness among medical students and nurses regarding procedural hand hygiene methods to prevent HAI. The current findings can be a basis for conducting a training programme on hand hygiene practices for the medical students, including paramedical staff members.



Hospital-Acquired Infection, Cross Infections, Paramedical Staff, Hand Hygiene Actions.


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